Revolutionary War patriot, orator and leading defender of the rights of Colonial Americans, Patrick Henry was born at Studley Plantation in Hanover County, Virginia in 1736. At the age of 18, he married Sarah Shelton in the front parlor of her family home at Rural Plains - later the site of the Battle of Totopotomoy during the Civil War. In 1765, as a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, Henry introduced the Stamp Act Resolves declaring that Parliament had no right to levy taxes on Virginians.

In 1771 Henry, Sarah and their children moved to Scotchtown. While living there Henry raised a Virginia militia, attended the First and Second Continental Congresses, and delivered his famous 'Give me liberty, or give me death!' speech that swung the House of Burgesses' vote in favor of revolution. He was elected the first governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia and served five terms. He also pushed through the ratification of the Bill of Rights, which was based upon the Virginia Declaration of Rights, securing the basic liberties of all Americans including freedom of speech and religion, the right to trial by jury, and the right to bear arms.

Sarah passed away while the Henrys were living at Scotchtown, and Patrick later married Dorothea Dandridge. After three decades of public service and turning down requests to serve as Senator, Ambassador, Secretary of State, Chief Justice, and even President, Henry retired to a plantation in Campbell County later known as 'Red Hill' with his wife and children. There he built a small home and law office. The Patrick Henry Memorial Foundation acquired the property in 1944 and set about restoring and recreating the plantation home and outbuildings.

Patrick Henry's Red Hill features a visitor center with a film and gift shop. The self-guided walking tour features restored and recreated buildings including the Patrick Henry home, law office, herb garden, Patrick and Dorothea's graves and memorial garden, a kitchen, smokehouse, the cabin of the Henry family's slaves Milly and Harrison, a boxwood garden, blacksmith shop, and carriage house.

Pictured at the top: Patrick Henry's reconstructed home at Red Hill.

patrick henry's red hill boxwood garden

The boxwood garden at Patrick Henry's Red Hill leads to scenic views of Southside Virginia.

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