The 5,000 acre farm and estate known as Ellwood manor was built by William Jones in 1790. Jones was a patriot and friend of James Madison of nearby Montpelier. It's said that Robert E. Lee's father, Revolutionary War hero Lighthorse Harry Lee, wrote his memoirs here, and Lafayette's troops stayed here on their way to Yorktown. In 1825, the Marquis de Lafayette dined here during his American reunion tour.

William Jones' daughter Betty married J. Horace Lacey, and the couple used Ellwood as their 'summer home' while residing primarily in Fredericksburg at Chatham Manor. Lacey was a slave owner and secessionist, and his home became headquarters, field hospital and graveyard for both sides during the Civil War. When Stonewall Jackson was shot at Chancellorsville, his amputated arm was brought to the Ellwood family cemetery for burial. The battle of the Wilderness raged all around Ellwood, and it was the site of a skirmish during the battle of Chancellorsville. Union troops ransacked Ellwood's library on their way to Mine Run, and Union Generals Ambrose E. Burnside and Gouverneur K. Warren were headquartered at Ellwood. By the end of the Civil War, Ellwood was a trampled, ransacked, and blood-stained graveyard.

Today, the restored Ellwood Manor is preserved and interpreted through a partnership between the Friends of Wilderness Battlefield and the National Park Service. Exhibits include the recreated headquarters of Union Gen. Warren. There are multi-media exhibits on the home itself as well as the Battle of the Wilderness. The Friends of Wilderness Battlefield offer tours of the home, and there are self-guided tours of the grounds and Stonewall Jackson burial site. The new Wilderness Crossing Trail follows historic roads to the Wilderness Tavern site where Stonewall Jackson's arm was amputated after his wounding at Chancellorsville.

The grounds of Ellwood Manor are open daily from sunrise to sunset, and the home is open seasonally for guided tours. Ellwood Manor is located about 1 mile east of Wilderness Battlefield and about 5 miles west of Chancellorsville Battlefield.

Pictured at the top: The restored ca. 1790 Ellwood Manor.

ellwood manor stonewall jacksons arm

The family burial site at Ellwood Manor is the final resting place of Stonewall Jackson's amputated arm.

ellwood manor grounds

Ellwood Manor features a self-guided tour of the grounds and a new trail that takes visitors out the the Wilderness Tavern site along historic roads.